Warning: this is a lengthy read that may borderline a rant, you have been warned!
Career advice is everywhere these days from generic all-round advice via do’s and do not’s encompassing any career to must do’s and must not’s for a more focused delineated career path. There are a few great articles out there but most, however, seem to lack the personal experience of the author, and while I wouldn’t necessarily disagree with some or any of the advice, I feel that it often does not reflect reality, well my reality anyway. With that in mind I decided to put in words some ‘suggestions’ based on my experiences to date. Notice that I have labelled these ‘suggestions’ because I don’t think it’s possible to give someone career advice without knowing their individual personal situation. If the generic career advice was golden we would be all going into interviews and employment like robots acting the same as each other. The suggestions below are not numbered and I’m not initiating that you follow them in any particular systematic way or at all in fact if you don’t feel they’re for you. You might find some of these to be enlightening with a fresh approach or on the other-hand you might completely disagree with some that go completely against the grain, you might even think that one or two are complete tripe and a terrible suggestion, but at the end of the day these are my experiences, my opinions, and what has worked for me and what I have learned along the way. So here we go…
While experience stands out on a resume it is highly unlikely that your experience would be on your resume without an educational background. If you want a potential employer to take you serious for an entry level or graduate role then having the necessary education is a huge step in the right direction. Many university courses now offer GIS modules as part of a wider discipline such as environmental sciences or engineering for examples. While these modules are a good way to get acquainted with GIS software they will more than likely lack in many aspects. In particular the theory behind GIS and GIScience, the theory behind how the analysis methods and techniques work through their underlying algorithms and these are often fundamental to problem solving in the workplace. One very simple example that I have encountered numerous times is ‘why are my points appearing in the middle of the ocean?’ Because most of use say ‘lat-long’ we assume that latitude is the x-axis and longitude the y when it is the opposite. At the end of the day anyone can make a map, it’s not really the hard part of GIS, but making a good map after performing several geoprocessing tasks and performing geostatistical analysis on data and putting forward competent results is! If you are serious about a career in GIS I suggest that you attend a course that purely focuses on GIS, how and why the software does what it does and how you can use the software to solve questions, problems, and aid in better decision making. I have completed two full-time GIS focused postgraduate courses, the GIS and GISci landscape is vast and ever growing and no course can completely cover every aspect, but they are the foundation for future endeavours both educationally and professionally.
Don’t Stop Learning
Don’t Hide Behind a Keyboard (if possible)!
I have always found it relatively easy to find employment wherever I have been, Ireland, Canada, Australia and more recently the UK. I get sick and tired of hearing up and coming GIS graduates, and even some more seasoned GIS professionals, complaining about being unemployed and that they are applying for everything out there but getting nowhere. When I question their techniques it’s the same story for the majority, they are only focusing on online job postings or connecting with recruiters on LinkedIn. This has to be the laziest type of job hunting possible and you are pitting yourself against a lot of competition each time you hit that submit button. All you are with the online job posting approach is an electronic document, you might not even make it to being a printed document. You have no personality and your Calibri 11pt font on your PDF resume is not going to make you stand out from the Times New Roman 12pt font from the other applicant. I get it, this is the way the world has gone, but you can use this to swing in your favour. Twice in my career I have found employment by using the following methods. First of all, do not limit yourself to online job postings. Not all the GIS jobs out there are advertised and some places may be just starting to consider expanding or even using GIS for the first time. Many places already know who they want to hire but have to go through the advertisement process anyway. Research all the companies in your area that you know will either have or might have a GIS department, including those that are advertising, draft your cover letter and resume, print them off, place them in a nice A4 envelope for each company, research the company and who is more than likely the person to talk to regarding an advertised role or any future roles, physically cut the umbilical cord between you and the keyboard and prepare yourself for some human interaction outside the dungeon of your four walls. Take yourself to their office and ask to speak to someone, that person who you found on LinkedIn or the company website who you feel is the best person to talk to, or even just ask for the person responsible for the GIS team. You are playing the percentage game here, more than likely you will struggle to get past reception but be patient and persistent without being forceful, if you get to talk to one out of ten well that’s an achievement and you have gone further than the button bashing has got you. The more you do this the easier it get’s to get through to the person you are after and your percentage of hits and connecting in real life rises. If you get the talk to someone you are already being interviewed informally so be prepared. And you are now a human in the process and not digital document. I happened to stumble upon a company who were contemplating expanding, I was interviewed on the spot on a Thursday and started working on the Monday.
I understand that this approach only works if there are companies located locally or an acceptable commute away. If you are within an hour away from a plethora of potential employers and you’re hiding in room, in your pyjamas, applying to them through the personality of your keyboard, well I suggest that you get your head examined.
GIS Related Certifications Are Not That Important
Controversial I know, and I can hear a crowd of you shouting at me, but I’m not saying don’t get them, I just feel that they carry very little weight in a GIS career. If you have a solid GIS educational background why do you need to have certifications on top of that? Surely in those fine educational establishments you were exposed to a variety of GIS software to perform basic to more advanced tasks? and if not then perhaps certifications are actually a good choice for you. Certifications generally mean that you know your way around a certain piece of software and that you meet some competency level with the implementation of that software, but most GIS software can perform the exact same or similar tasks, especially the basics, so converting from using one to the other is not major and there is a fantastic new search engine, I’m not sure if you’ve heard of it, called Google, to aid with the transition if you need some help. In the past and even more recently I have considered gaining some certifications, ESRI certs and Oracle SQL exams for examples and these have dropped significantly down the pecking order in my list of priorities. I think I was just using it as motivation to keep learning and even worse I think I was just buying into the whole game that I actually needed them. How many of you have learned something, not applied it for years and now it really shouldn’t appear on your skills set? I attended courses in AutoCAD for example about 4 years ago. At the time I was quite proficient for the 3 to 6 months I was using it, but recently I opened AutoCAD and I was lost. I’d be fooling a potential employer if I left AutoCAD on my resume. My point is that certifications can go stale. You might get ESRI certs and then land a role that uses MapInfo primarily and not return to Arc for years. Many companies these days will put you through a couple of tests during or after an interview to show that you can back up what is on your resume. These might be using ArcGIS to perform some tasks and generate some output or manipulate some data in Excel and import into a GIS. Whether or not you have a certification if you fail the test you are not getting considered for the job. Did having the certification on your resume get you the interview in the first place? I don’t believe that having a GIS related certification on your resume stands out more than simply listing that you have that skill backed up by your educational background (or work experiences if any), and a portfolio either printed or as a website. I agree that studying towards certifications is a great way to keep learning in a focused manner with something to work towards but they really aren’t that impressive (in my opinion). I may return one day on a certification quest but only if it enhances my knowledge of something in particular. I suggest that if you feel that certifications make you stand out from the crowd then go for it, it may give you more confidence, but don’t stress that you don’t have any, I don’t think an employer is going to think you’re lying about your knowledge of ArcGIS just because you don’t have a certification listed on your resume to somewhat prove it when you have a solid GIS degree (or postgraduate), and/or experience behind you.
Don’t Work For Free! (unless volunteering)
Tom Cruise (Jerry Maguire – if you didn’t quite get that one)
Whoa! What!? But (unpaid) internships are an integral part of the career path process, they give you valuable experience to help you develop skills and expose you to industry standards. Absolute nonsense (for the majority in GIS), you are being taken advantage of. You cannot put a price on your time left on this planet and yet here you are working for free, more than likely doing the boring mundane crap that no one else wants to do, putting in ridiculous hours beyond the expectations of a full-time employee because you want to look good, lining the pockets of someone else, and most likely with no chance of a permanent role after that because they’ll replace you with another intern, there’s plenty of them in the pipeline. I’m sure there are some great internship stories out there but they will be few and far between. It’s rare that anyone starts their career in GIS not doing the boring mundane crap like digitization and data entry. You can train a monkey to do these things, but you’re an educated monkey and deserve a little more respect. Now I’m not saying don’t pursue a role where you have to do these things, we’ve all done them and even today I have to do some digitization and data entry, it comes part and parcel with the territory, but at least get paid for it. If you are going down the internship route at least attempt to negotiate a stipend so you don’t feel like your’e selling your soul. You’ve just spent a lot of money educating yourself, it’s payback time. The downside to my argument is that it might actually look good on your resume that you interned somewhere, but this evaluation depends on where you are located in the world (the society you live in), the company, and the actual experience gained from the internship. If you have no formal education in GIS an internship paid or not is probably a good choice if making the transition. If you are going to work for free volunteer your services to a charity or non-profit organisation where you have more prospects to be involved in both the mundane to the more exciting tasks and potentially at a higher level. Volunteering will also look just as good on your resume and your soul and self-respect will be intact. Some of you are probably thinking ‘but if I don’t take an internship to get on the experience ladder I’ll struggle to get elsewhere’, don’t sell yourself short, an internship could actually be a waste of time if you are learning absolutely nothing new, you can focus your energy elsewhere in the meantime. While not working make sure that you put plenty of hours into professional development each day, similar to the ‘don’t stop learning section’, there are so many free and cheap avenues to take to continue your GIS knowledge growth. I suggest getting your hands on the ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis Volumes 1 to 3, these will open your eyes beyond simple mapping and the material will be great to reference in an interview to show your interest in GIS and that you really know what you’re talking about.
Don’t Work for the Sake of Working
This suggestion only really relates to those that are in a position to do so. If your GIS career goal is making simple maps for the rest of your days, not really having to extend your brain power too far, then this does not apply to you, you’re more than likely already living your dream. Before Christmas I was working for a few months and was really only doing so for the small bit of income. I was learning nothing from the role and the monotony from it all was affecting my mood. I decided over Christmas that I wasn’t going to apply for a role or accept any roles that I really had very little interest in. I was going to devote my time to up-skilling and putting some blog posts together to attract interest. This has been my best choice to date. I made a list of the books, online courses, and other learning material that I wanted to go through and put aside around 6 hours a day, almost as if it was my full time job. I could do this because I was in a position to do so. If I had a mortgage, kids, or other responsibilities I would not of had the comfort of going down this route without some support. I have talked to so many people that are ‘just happy to be working’ even though they are miserable and have no progression prospects in those GIS jobs. Does 5 years experience doing the most simplistic GIS tasks look good on your resume? In my opinion, no! It looks like you are happy to stay at that level with little to no ambition. If you’re the type of person that can leave a depressing job in the evening and go enhance your skills at night well then I tip my hat to you. But for the majority of us the energy zapping 9 -5 – I want to shoot myself in the face – job means we’re straight home to the couch to complain about how shit our job is to whoever will listen. I once heard that ‘a job of no interest does more damage to your mental health than being unemployed’, and I support this statement. I went on unemployment benefits, learned a ridiculous amount of material in two months that I was genuinely interested in, and I am now applying some of these up-skilled learnings to a new role getting paid more than decent. Maybe I just got lucky or maybe it was motivation. You will be at different levels at different stages in your career, assess what you want and make the necessary changes to achieve your goals, even if a means to this is through unemployment.
Teach Others When You Can
Be confident in your abilities as soon as you graduate. When you do eventually land your first role it is highly likely that you will know some things that others in the company do not because your course was tailored differently with modern techniques or many of the GIS users in there are basic users. Always take the time out to help a fellow colleague with troubleshooting or suggesting how you would go about doing things if they are stuck and keep that mentality throughout your career. I once worked for a company where people kept their talents to themselves, they wanted to be one step ahead of each other in a race for promotion, the only problem was that there was no room for promotion and the whole situation made for a sour work environment. One guy even spouted on about his ‘dominance in Arc’ as if he ruled over the rest of us. It’s frustrating sitting around being stuck when someone can help you but won’t. Don’t get caught up in getting ahead. Helping others opens the door for others to help and teach you when you need it and creates a pleasant knowledge driven environment.
Never Burn Bridges
I have walked out of a job in the past, the company was sold to me as a tight knit family community that helped each other out. This couldn’t have been further from the truth and it wore me down to the point where I just had enough and walked. I’m proud I stuck up for myself (I won’t go into details) but if something similar was to happen now I would handle it in a different way and be more professional about it all. My walkout never had any adverse affects on my GIS career but it’s not something I recommend doing as on a couple of occasions I had to explain why I lasted 3 months in a company and the nature of why I left and you really have to be careful how you choose your words in those situations, especially in an interview environment. On the other-hand I have worked for the same employer three times and it’s a great feeling when someone wants you back and are confident in your abilities. I suggest that you attempt to keep in touch with past employers and fellow colleagues. LinkedIn has made this quite easy and it is something you should be using to your advantage to keep connected with your professional network.
My Thoughts on Interviews
People are people, they are a fellow human beings who one day were in the position you are now. They should not be feared and you should not see an interview as a daunting experience. Society has painted the interview experience the way its is and it makes people nervous. Not getting the job is not the end of the world and you get better at interviews the more frequent you do them. I always thought I interviewed well. That was until I went for an IT role about 6 months ago and felt completely unnerved. This was simply my mind telling me this isn’t really what I wanted, my answers to questions seemed to always relate back to my GIS career and I knew quite quick that rejection was looming and I was quite happy with that. Shortly after I had an interview for a GIS role and I was back in flying form. I knew what I was talking about, what I wanted, what I could do, what I could bring to the team, my limitations, my aspirations, my goals, my salary expectations (which eventually put me out of the race because our evaluations were way off). People spend hours and even days preparing for an interview, building up the stress levels before they have even sat down with the prospective employer. You do not need to research the ins and outs of a company, you just have a look at their general activities, what industry or industries they operate in. GIS is GIS, pretty much the same or similar wherever you work or whatever industry you work in. I have worked in agriculture, oil and gas, mineral exploration, and engineering and had no clue about these industries before I started. Your GIS skills are often what’s wanted, not the industry that is looking for them.
Have some interview questions ready to ask. A couple of my favourites are; With the GIS landscape ever changing, how do you make sure that staff are kept abreast of best practices and have access to learning new methods and techniques as the industry evolves?, this indicates that you want somewhere where you can evolve and learn as you progress; You have painted this role in a glorified manner, but tell me one negative thing about working at this office location?, this will show confidence and that you are not afraid to ask difficult questions.
Be confident even if you have to fake it. It’s a horrible feeling leaving an interview knowing that nerves have cost you. Sit up straight, make eye contact, speak slow and clear as this will make you seem more relaxed and eventually you will be. The interviewer is not there to catch you out, they have your resume and can see what you have to offer, you wouldn’t have made it this far if they didn’t consider you a potential candidate for the position. Smile, smile, smile, always be smiling, you will stand out a mile from other candidates that may have interviewed better, a constant smile will work wonders.
And remember, you’re interviewing them too, you need to find out if you really want to work there so ask the right questions to get the information you need.
Make Yourself Indispensable
Suggestions and Opinions Rant Over
If you are looking for GIS career advice make sure that you talk to GIS professionals that have been through what you are beginning to embark on and don’t rely on the generic career advice posts that paint everything in black and white. You need to tailor your do’s and do not’s to suit you as an individual and the path that you want to take. The more you talk to the more likely you will come across someone with similar experiences to you and can point you in the right direction. Avoid taking career advice from academics who like to talk about working in the ‘real world’ but have never done so.
You can use or dismiss some the suggestions above because at the end of the day they are only suggestions and as said at the beginning these are my personal experiences and my opinions.